South Africa’s household recycling target

first_imgMore than 73% of South Africans living in urban areas reported no recycling at all;About 27% of urban South Africans reported some recycling behaviour; andOnly 3.3% of the respondents indicated that they sort most or all of the selected five recyclables from their household waste and recycle it on a frequent basis. 7 January 2013 South Africa aims to have all households in the country’s large centres separating their own waste into recyclable and non-recyclable material by 2016. Separating recyclables at household level is a requirement in terms of the Waste Act, and the National Waste Management Strategy requires that in four years’ time all metropolitan municipalities, secondary cities and large towns will have initiated programmes for waste separation at source. According to Dr Suzan Oelofse, a principal researcher at the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), the participation of households in these programmes will be crucial to achieving the 2016 target. However, the results of two CSIR surveys show that South Africa’s municipal authorities face a daunting task in creating public awareness around the requirements of the Waste Act. The study revealed that only 3.3% of the country’s urban population regularly recycled household waste in 2010. This finding is underscored by another study, also conducted by the CSIR, which shows that, of the estimated 19-million tons of municipal waste generated in South Africa in 2011, about 25% were mainline recyclables such as glass, paper, tins and plastics. “It is alarming that two-thirds of the more than 2 000 urban South African households surveyed do not know where to dispose of their household recyclables,” says CSIR research project leader Wilma Strydom. “Furthermore, the majority of the participants in the study said that they do not know how nor what to recycle.”Urban South Africans do not recycle The 2010 survey, aimed at understanding post-consumer recycling behaviour in South Africa, does not paint a very positive picture about urban South Africans’ attitude and behaviour when it comes to recycling. According to the survey: The survey results also highlight an overall negative attitude towards recycling. Urban households are not recycling seemingly because of a lack of space, lack of time, because it is dirty or untidy, or they lack the knowledge of what is recyclable and what not. Another reason cited was inconvenient recycling facilities. However, the survey results also indicate that South Africans might start to recycle and continue to recycle should it be convenient to do so. “The results show that a two-bag system – simply separating dry waste from wet waste like food scraps – combined with a regular kerbside collection service, would create the best opportunity to mobilise South Africans to start recycling,” says Strydom. “This should be complemented with communication and awareness-raising campaigns, as well as continued research to understand the drivers of recycling behaviour and how to motivate people to recycle.”Taking the pressure off municipal landfill sites Improved recovery of recyclables at household level would significantly alleviate the pressure on South Africa’s municipal landfill sites. Gauteng province alone generates about 45% of South Africa’s municipal waste. Yet only a few landfills in the province have a lifespan of 10 years remaining. The City of Cape Town, contributing 70% of the municipal waste in the Western Cape, is also running out of landfill airspace. The maths is simple, says Oelofse: “The best solution for reducing pressure on available landfill space is a reduction in waste through waste minimisation and recycling.” In an attempt to estimate the mass of recyclables disposed of at municipal landfill sites in 2011, Oelofse obtained landfill-based characterisation information from Cape Town, Durban and Johannesburg. This showed that landfill airspace is mainly consumed by green waste, recyclables and builders’ rubble. Mainline recyclables – paper, plastics, glass, tins and tyres – contribute 25% of the municipal waste generated in Gauteng and 22% in Cape Town. According to the Department of Environmental Affairs, an estimated 19-million tons of municipal waste was generated in South Africa in 2011. “If it is assumed that the composition of waste in Gauteng is a reflection of the rest of the country’s municipal waste, then it can be concluded that 25% of the 19-million tons of municipal waste is mainline recyclables,” says Oelofse. “That means that 4.75-million tonnes of recyclables that could have been recovered in 2011. “Furthermore, if 70% of all households can achieve a 70% recovery rate of their household recyclables, we will be able to achieve a recovery rate of 49%.” Source: Council for Scientific and Industrial Researchlast_img read more

Sri Lanka level ODI series with big win over SA

first_img10 July 2014Despite a defiant century from in-form Hashim Amla, the Proteas slumped to an 87-run defeat to Sri Lanka in the second one-day international at Pallekele International Cricket Stadium in Kandy on Wednesday.Sri Lanka’s victory levelled the three-match series at 1-1, with the series-decider set to be played in Hambantota on Saturday.Top scoreAfter winning the toss, Sri Lankan skipper Angelo Mathews elected to bat and it proved a good decision as Tillikaratne Dilshan led the way from the top of the order with an innings of 86 off 90 balls to help the home team to 267 all out after 49.2 overs.Mahela Jayawardene weighed in with a slowish 48, while Lahiru Thirimanne contributed 36 and Matthews 34.Steyn injuryUnfortunately for the Proteas, they lost fast bowler Dale Steyn to a hand injury in only his third over when he tried to take a sharp caught and bowled off a shot by Dilshan. Fortunately for South Africa, however, fears that he might have broken the hand were later dispelled and he could be available for Saturday’s showdown.In Steyn’s absence, Ryan McLaren once again underlined his all-round value to the team with a return of 4 for 48 from his 10 overs. Imran Tahir snared 2 for 41 in his 10, while Vernon Philander returned 2 for 49 in 7.2.Amla’s excellenceOnly three South Africans reached double figures in the Proteas’ batting reply. Despite this, Amla struck his third consecutive century, following tons against a Sri Lankan Board President’s XI and against Sri Lanka in the first ODI. He made 101 off 102 balls, in an innings of just 180 all out.“He’s an amazing cricketer and it is great to have him in our side, especially when he is playing like that,” South African captain AB de Villiers said in a post-match interview. “Even though we lost tonight, we still have confidence in him and the whole batting line-up to get it right in the last game.”DamageNew ball bowler Lasitha Malinga did plenty of damage to the South African batting, claiming a haul of 4 for 24 in six overs, but it was the Sri Lankan spinners who put the skids under the South African batting effort by taking wickets and restricting scoring.Dilshan secured the man of the match award by following up his 86 with a return of 3 for 40 with the ball. Ajantha Mendis also excelled, picking up 2 for 18 in 6.1 overs.‘I’m very disappointed’“I’m very disappointed. I thought we started really, really slowly with the ball, but pulled it back nicely to what seemed like a decent total to chase down,” De Villiers said.“We started really well with the bat and Hash played an amazing innings, but we unfortunately could just not form partnerships around him, so it’s very disappointing, but we are still in the series and we’ll move on to Hambantota and try and fix things there.‘A big blow’Assessing what the loss of Steyn meant to South Africa’s chances in the big loss, he concluded: “Look, losing Dale was a big blow up front. I thought the guys tried really hard right until the end of our bowling innings. I thought we did extremely well to get it down to 260-odd, which was chaseable, not easy, but chaseable.“I would have liked to see us get closer than what we did.”last_img read more

Grain bin homes saving lives in Haiti

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The recent devastation of Hurricane Matthew was especially hard on the third-world country of Haiti. But even in a hurricane, there are places to see the light amongst the bad. Several Haitians are alive today thanks in no small part to loving people combined with the ingenuity and effort found in agriculture.Sukup Manufacturing has made a name for themselves through high quality grain bins across the United States, but a different kind of product has been on display in Haiti in recent years. Called Safe T Homes, the buildings are converted grain bins described by Sukup as “quick and easy to construct” and “engineered structures that are suitable for all phases of recovery effort.” They’re a mighty contrast to the houses normally found in Haiti, which are built with questionable rebar-less concrete walls and flat sheet metal as a roof.Photo courtesy of Sukup ManufacturingThe Safe T Homes are said to offer certain qualities like fire- and termite-resistance, and, as recently displayed by the destruction of Hurricane Matthew, weather-resistance.Paul van Gorkom is executive director of GoServ Global, an Iowa-based philanthropy organization serving those less fortunate worldwide. While Sukup deals with manufacturing of the homes, GoServ makes sure they’re put to good use in villages across the country. They did just that this past weekend.“When Hurricane Matthew hit, the eye of the storm was just to the west of where our facilities were located,” van Gorkom said. “The hurricane came up from the south and we took a direct hit. And we’re very happy to say that all of our Safe T Homes, which is nearly 200 in Haiti now, are still standing. They were engineered properly by Sukup Manufacturing and performed as they were designed to perform.”Photo courtesy of Sukup ManufacturingIn 140-mile-per-hour winds, every single Safe T Home was left standing — a major contrast to other southern portions of Haiti. The BBC reports aid workers have noted 90% of certain regions, many in the south, have been destroyed.The help through Hurricane Matthew has solidified the structure’s place on Hispaniola, the Caribbean island where Haiti is located. GoServ began work following the 2010 Haiti earthquakes that decimated parts of the country. The non-profit has since worked hand in hand with Sukup to place the Safe T Homes.“GoServe Global is quite a young organization, we’re only five years old,” van Gorkom said. “Things have just taken off to now where we’re involved in several countries including India, Peru, Guatemala, as well as Haiti.“Along the way, we teamed up with Sukup manufacturing, which is an Iowa based manufacturer that makes the Safe T Homes for us. It’s a converted grain bin that’s redesigned to be a home. There’s two windows that lock in it and a steel door that locks. Inside the home is a loft that creates a little more square footage for us. It’s all made out of steel like a typical grain bin would be made. And it was designed specifically to respond to the need in Haiti after the earthquake.”Their endurance in the Hurricane has further solidified plans for many more.“As things began to progress with our organization, we built a number of orphanages. So we have several orphanages that have been built using the Safe T Homes as well. This fall we plan to begin construction on a birthing center in Haiti which will have eight of these homes,” van Gorkom said.Hurricanes and other storms are quite common in the tropical conditions Haiti is in, but so is heat. If you’re thinking the structures would seem hot, you’re not the only one. Van Gorkom noted that as the most common question he gets. Fortunately, an ingenious design has allowed the indoors of the grain bins to be relatively cool with a double layered roof system and other clever modifications not found on the everyday grain bin.That was one of many challenges in their creation according to Sukup Grain Bin Engineer Brad Poppen. He’s been involved with the project since its 2010 inception.“After the Haiti earthquakes, Steve Sukup said, ‘Let’s work with an 18-footer and go from there’ and that’s kind of where it started. Our safety director and myself, after the earthquake, started in the design process of taking an 18-foot bin and deciding what it needed. That got the ball rolling on how hot it would get inside it,” Poppen said.The Safe T Homes are one-design with 20-gauge galvanized steel. Sidewalls are eight feet high and the overall structure stands 13.5 feet from floor to roof peak, according to the Sukup website. Each unit can sleep 10 people with 254 square feet of usable interior space.“We wanted to ventilate it as much as possible. There’s also a heat shield as we call it. We attach that to the top of the roof sheets and it acts as a barrier so that the sun isn’t hitting on the actual steel roof. Of course it doesn’t make it air conditioned, but ironically it’s like standing in the shade. We did some tests — it does reduce it about 10 degrees. So if it was 100 degrees out, it was 90 degrees in the Safe T Home,” Poppen said. “It really made a difference.”Poppen said there are some challenges when taking a design for something meant to store grain and putting human beings inside instead.“The big thing in my mind, with the grain bin you have to make everything watertight and here we wanted windows and openings and ventilation,” he said. “That was difficult to wrap my head around basically when we first started it.”Though at first Safe T Homes seem an odd and out of place way to house people in a Caribbean country, the ingenuity of American agriculture has made it a fitting home for people in Haiti. What it really boils down to is the work by Sukup and GoServ Global is saving people’s lives.Poppen said his work of designing metal structures has attained a much more profound quality to it these days.“I was the first one that kind of laughed at this whole thing. I’ve worked inside grain bins before and I know how hot it is. It’s not good livable conditions. Now after the hurricane and finding out they were jamming something like 30 or 40 people in these homes, and they received minimal damage — well, it’s quite enlightening,” he said.Sukup reports around 50 units are currently being prefabricated in the shop, on their way to use in the field. GoServ’s van Gorkom said the future is looking bright for the homes and the people it will benefit.“My passion and what I would love to see happen really is for these safety homes to be used in refugee camps. It just seems like refugee camps aren’t really temporary anymore. Our solution is going to last 80 to 85 years versus a temporary structure or a tent that might have to replaced every two or three years,” van Gorkom said.GoServ Global is always on the lookout for public support. Find their website at www.goservglobal.org. The organization has an easy and convenient donation page as well as updates on work going on around the world.last_img read more

AJSU vision document: Sudesh hijacks Modi’s “smart plan”

first_imgPrime Minister Narendra Modi’s idea of building smart cities may not have found reverberations in Jharkhand’s saffron unit, but former deputy Chief Minister and Ajsu Party chief Sudesh Kumar Mahto seems to have grabbed it with both hands, and already unveiled a “vision document” on how he intends to build a “smart Jharkhand.”AJSU has always been a trusted BJP ally; having played crucial role in formation of four BJP led government in Jharkhand. However, in the run up to the assembly polls scheduled later this year; BJP Jharkhand unit appear averse to a tie up with AJSU, hoping to once again ride piggyback on Narendra Modi and singlehandedly win the State.On the other hand, AJSU which currently has six MLAs in the 82-member State Assembly is also hopeful to augment its strength in the coming election.Sudesh Mahto’s vision document, released early this month, promises to deliver Information Technology equipped police stations, a special highway patrol force, CCTV cameras for 24×7 vigil at public places including railway stations, bus stands, shopping complexes, besides setting up sports colleges in every district, industry-linked skill development, tapped drinking water for all homes and state-of-the-art public transport facility for villagers.Sudesh Kumar MahtoThe idea is clearly to convey to the electorates that AJSU– and not Jharkhand BJP unit– has the skills and commitment to translate Modi’s ideas into reality in Jharkhand. The Vision document is also Sudesh Mahto’s idea of effectively kicking off the election campaign and also bag the first-mover advantage. The jarring irony is that the faction ridden team saffron in Jharkhand is not even accusing AJSU of hijacking Modi’s dreams.advertisementAfter the Lok Sabha election results in Jharkhand, which showed an increasing number of Jharkhand electorates ready to buy the Modi dream, helping BJP win 12 of the 14 seats from the State, AJSU is clearly trying position itself a notch above BJP as the perfect executioners for the idea of a smart Jharkhand.”Our vision document is our undertaking to ensure a good life to Jharkhand’s 3.30 crore people,” Sudesh Mahto told India Today, spelling out his poll plank for the ensuing Assembly elections. Jharkhand is still deprived of basic amenities even 14 years after the state’s formation.Through the vision document, titled Shashakt Jharkhand, Samridhha Jharkhand (Empowered Jharkhand, prosperous Jharkhand), Sudesh Mahto has promised good governance, improved law and order, electricity for all in addition to special focus on education. The Naxal infested State starves for security of common people. Besides promises of setting up a world class Sports University, promoting tourism and providing power to all villages are surely attractive, if not unachievable.Sudesh also has a credible track record as a public representative. As Road Construction minister, Mahto got his constituency Silli roads while he brought check dams as minister for water resources.  The Rural Development and Self Employment Training Institute (RUDSET) in Silli won the award for being the second-best RUDSET in the country in 2012-13. As sports minister, he got Silli an artificial turf stadium.As a politician, Sudesh Mahto thrives on votes of the numerically significant Kurmi community, his castemen besides youth and women, who turn up in massive presence in his rallies. Out of power in Jharkhand, the Ajsu party has also staked claim for Jharkhand’s special status. Now, he seems to have stolen a march on BJP by grabbing Modi’s ideas better than saffron cousins in Jharkhand.last_img read more

Thomson Reuters reports Q1 loss on onetime charge on financial and risk

first_imgTORONTO – Thomson Reuters Corp. reported a loss in its first quarter as it took a one-time charge related to the sale of its financial and risk business announced earlier this year.The news and information company, which keeps its books in U.S. dollars, said the loss attributable to shareholders amounted to US$339 million or 48 cents per share compared with a profit attributable to shareholders of $297 million or 41 cents per share a year ago.Revenue in the quarter totalled $1.38 billion, up from $1.33 billion.The loss in the most recent quarter reflected an $844-million deferred tax charge associated with the proposed sale of a 55 per cent interest in the company’s financial and risk business to a consortium led by U.S.-based private equity firm Blackstone.On an adjusted basis, Thomson Reuters says it earned 28 cents per share in the quarter, up from an adjusted profit of 25 cents per share a year ago.Analysts on average had expected a profit of 27 cents per share, according to Thomson Reuters Eikon.Companies in this story: (TSX:TRI)last_img read more

Minister says 409 injured in gas tax protests around France

first_imgPARIS — Grassroots protests over hikes in taxes on diesel fuel and gasoline have continued in France, though on a far smaller scale than the ones that paralyzed traffic around the country.Interior Minister Christophe Castaner on Sunday increased the number of people reported injured during Saturday’s protests to 409. He said 14 of them had serious injuries. Castaner told RTL radio 28 firefighters and member of police forces also were injured.A protester struck and killed by a car that accelerated in a panic at a roadblock in the Savoie region was the only death. French media reported on Sunday that the driver of the vehicle was handed preliminary manslaughter charges.Castaner said 157 people were detained for questioning — up from 73 reported Saturday night.Protests continued at 150 sites.The Associated Presslast_img read more

TSX positive streak continues as oil prices rise and Bank of Canada

first_imgThe energy sector was helped again by crude oil prices, which rose on Saudi Arabia’s energy minister reassuring that its oil production and exports are falling sharply. West Texas Intermediate prices are up 23 per cent from its December low.The February crude contract was up US$2.58 at US$52.36 per barrel Wednesday and the February natural gas contract was up 1.7 cents at US$2.98 per mmBTU.Canada’s financial sector was helped by the Bank of Canada’s decision to hold its key rate at 1.75 per cent while the economy absorbs softness from a 44 per cent drop in oil prices from its October peak.“The banks tend to be a play on Canadian GDP growth and with the Bank of Canada having a supportive stance to keep the Canadian economy running smoothly that’s certainly positive for the banks,” said Chopra. The S&P/TSX composite index closed up 199.58 points to 14,804.73 in a broad-based rally that saw all sectors rise.It was the third day of triple-digit gains so far this year and the best four-consecutive day performance since January 2016.“There seems to be a lot more optimism about a U.S.-China trade deal and when it comes to Federal Reserve interest rate hikes it appears to be that they’ll take a pause,” Chopra said referring to minutes released from the central bank and recent comments from several bank governors.The cannabis-heavy health care sector rose by 6.25 percent as Canopy Growth Corp. surged 13.3 percent, while Aurora Cannabis Inc. and Aphria Inc. gained 7.3 and 6.2 per cent respectively.The key energy sector followed, with financials, industrials and materials also rising.Financial and energy stocks were the biggest gainers on the day led by Sun Life Financial Inc., Royal Bank of Canada, Manulife Financial and Suncor Energy Inc. Meanwhile, BCE Inc. and Nutrien Ltd. lost ground while Imperial Oil and TransCanada Corp. posted small gains. TORONTO, O.N. – Canada’s main stock index posted its strongest four-day gain in three years Wednesday as it was propelled by a large increase in the price of crude oil and the Bank of Canada’s latest rate announcement.The Toronto Stock Exchange continued its rebound from a dreadful autumn and tough December helped by positive news about the trade dispute between China and the U.S. and minutes from the Federal Reserve confirming its patience about raising interest rates, says Anish Chopra, managing director with Portfolio Management Corp.“A fantastic four-day stretch,” he said in an interview.center_img In New York, the Dow Jones industrial average gained 91.67 points at 23,879.12. The S&P 500 index was up 10.55 points at 2,584.96, while the Nasdaq composite was up 60.08 points at 6,957.08.The Canadian dollar traded at an average of 75.64 cents US compared with an average of 75.23 cents US on Tuesday.The February gold contract was up US$6.10 at US$1,292 an ounce and the March copper contract was up 0.1 of a cent at US$2.66 a pound.last_img read more

Start em Young to Premier this Tuesday on Wild TV

first_img“I think it’s important and I don’t think we give it enough focus in that industry. I want to inspire others as well and give everyone the opportunity to get out there and learn those lessons. For anyone who doesn’t hunt but wants to, we can help out with that. They’re all good lessons to have.”Skage, being a life-long hunter, says the inspiration for the show was based on seeing how excited his son was when he first took him hunting.“When I seen how he was when I took him for the first time into the woods, just that excitement, I got excited and it revitalized me.”The show will premiere on Wild TV on April 16 at 8:00 p.m. EDT. FORT NELSON, B.C. – A locally produced TV series will be premiering this Tuesday on Wild TV.For the past year, Fort Nelson Resident, Mark Skage, has been producing episodes for a series called Start ’em Young.According to Skage, the show aims to inspire and teach youngsters the skills and knowledge of hunting.last_img read more

Zimmer hopes to hear from Ethics Commissioner on Wednesday at Ethics Committee

first_imgFORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – Ethics Committee Chair, Local MP Bob Zimmer, has called an emergency meeting of the Parliamentary Ethics Committee for this Wednesday on Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s SNC-Lavalin affair.According to Zimmer, the meeting has been called under two motions, by Conservative and NDP MPs, to hear from the Ethics Commissioner, Mario Dion, about his report on Trudeau’s SNC-Lavalin affair.The Ethics Commissioner appearing before the Committee is pending on the Committee’s decision; a committee which is heavily weighted by the Liberals. Zimmer says he believes Canadians are interested in hearing more details about the affair and that there are a number of details that he feels Canadians are not aware of within the report.“I think what most Canadians are curious to hear is a bit more of the details about the SNC affair and there are quite a few details in the Commissioner’s report that I don’t think have heard. We’ve heard about some big topical areas, about the corruption or the alleged pressure that was put on Jody Wilson-Raybould and those kinds of things but there’s a lot more there that will be talked about on Wednesday.”Zimmer says he will see where it goes and hopes that they will hear from the Commissioner at the meeting on Wednesday.last_img read more

My loved ones shouldnt suffer Varun

first_imgMumbai: Just days after reports emerged that a fanatic fan of Varun Dhawan threatened his ladylove Natasha Dalal, the actor said his near and dear ones should not be paying a price due to his celebrity status. There has been a buzz that a female fan waited for hours to meet Varun outside his residence. Since the actor was busy, he did not step out, and that made the fan so angry that she started misbehaving and uttered: “I will kill Natasha”. According to reports, when the girl refused to leave, security officials informed the local police station. Asked about the incident, Varun said: “The police has got involved in the matter, so I will refrain from speaking on the incident. Keeping that aside, I am generally saying that it is a wrong thing. My loved ones should not have to pay any price because of my celebrity status.”last_img read more