Reliance Industries is gearing up to invest around $13 billion in energy projects, with an aim to boost heavy crude oil refining process in India and beat China and Middle East’s oil production capacity.The company’s Jamnagar Berhampur Refinery in Gujarat, which is also set to be included in this investment, has a capacity of refining 4 lakh barrels of crude oil per day (bpd), according to Reuters.As per the company’s plan, the new refinery will use five single point moorings, two for product shipments and three for crude oil import.”The new refinery will increase Reliance’s appetite for cheap opportunity grades and offer more dollars per barrel of oil processed,” Praveen Kumar at Singapore-based consultancy FACTS Global Energy told the news agency.While the company has not yet declared the details of project, analysts opine that the new refinery is expected to be constructed by the end of 2020.Reliance operates the world’s biggest refining complex in Jamnagar, where its two adjoining units can refine around 1.4 million bpd of oil.In 2013, the company received a nod from the environment ministry to invest ₹773 billion ($12.8 billion) to expand its new refinery and polymer units. The company was allowed to switch the energy capacity for a 450 megawatt.According to documents acquired by Reuters, the environment ministry in its letter to Reliance in May asked to meet certain conditions in order to receive approval for the projects. However, the process was delayed as the documents did not mention a specific date of approval. The company had cast reserves of $13.6 billion by end of June.”It makes perfect sense to go aggressive in their core business of refining,” said Jagannadham Thunuguntla, head of research and chief strategist at SMC Global Securities Ltd. “The company’s balance sheet has enough firepower to finance refining and other businesses like telecom and retail.”India, the world’s fourth largest oil consumer, plans to power its economic growth through focus on manufacturing sector, following Modi’s mantra of ‘Make in India’.Reliance aims to beat China and Middle East crude oil manufacturing companies by expanding its refining plant in Gujarat.”Recently the competitiveness of Jamnagar refining hub is gradually declining due to fast changing global scenario of product demand and stringent fuel quality,” according to a proposal by RTI Act.
LONDON, ENGLAND – JULY 14: Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge and Meghan, Duchess of Sussex attend day twelve of the Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Championships at All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club on July 14, 2018 in London, England.Photo by Clive Mason/Getty ImagesFollowing the news of the departure of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex from Kensington Palace, there have been many reports that suggested that tension has developed between both the Duchesses.And going by the recent event, it is clearly evident that the two sisters-in-law are not on the same page. Both backed different gardens at the annual event. Kate has designed her own nature-themed garden, while the Duchess of Sussex and her husband Prince Harry opted to support an African-styled entry.Meghan’s entry looks at the ecological African culture and is already a firm favourite among gardeners. Julie Miller, who hosts ‘In the Limelight’ for Vanity Fair, said this put Kate’s in the shade. She further said, “If I was Kate I’d be humiliated they went down this route. I would be angry they hadn’t swapped notes before.” Meghan MarkleGetty ImagesKate’s garden features a treehouse, a waterfall, wild strawberries and a campfire where children can toast marshmallows. Elsewhere, Meghan’s garden features a breeze-block school house surrounded by crops that girls can learn to grow, such as peanuts and okra, as well as solar panels and smart irrigation system.Megan’s garden is run by Camfed, an organisation which is trying to eradicate poverty in Africa through the education and empowerment of girls and young women. Kensington Palace has already stopped Meghan and Harry from overshadowing Kate’s garden by forbidding Camfed to use a photograph of Harry for the publicity of the garden.As a royal biographer, Sally Befell Smith puts the character of the two duchesses by comparing their gardens. “They’re two very, very different women, with different backgrounds, different interests, temperaments, and personalities.”
Logo of BNPBangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) on Saturday demanded reconstitution of the Election Commission (EC) with neutral persons before the announcement of the schedule for the next general election, reports UNB.The party also turned down the recent re-demarcation of 25 parliamentary constituencies by the commission for what he said doing it with a ‘motive to help’ Awami League candidates in the next polls.”We reject the re-delimitation of the 25 parliamentary seats as the Election Commission did it abusing its power,” said BNP standing committee member Moudud Ahmed.Speaking at a discussion, he further said, “We would like to say a fair and credible election is not possible under the current Election Commission. That’s why the current commission must be reconstituted before the announcement of the next national election.”The BNP leader said non-partisan and neutral persons must be included in the reconstituted EC for ensuring credible and inclusive polls.Nagorik Odhikar Andolon, a pro-BNP Platform, arranged the programme at the National Press Club demanding the release of ailing BNP chairperson Khaleda Zia from jail.Moudud, a BNP standing committee member, alleged that all the decisions the EC has so far taken with their only a motive to ensure the victory of the ruling party candidates.He said the constituencies of many BNP leaders, including Khandaker Mosharraf Hossain and him, were redrawn in such a way so that they cannot join the election.”The commission has re-demarcated the constituencies to help the government-supported candidates and put us in trouble. It (EC) has played an utter biased role in redrawing our all senior leaders’ seats,” the BNP leader added.
This handout video grab taken and received on 9 November, 2018 via the Instagram account of Chris Newport shows a man fighting with policemen in downtown Melbourne after he stabbed a number of people. Photo: AFPA Somali-born Australian who carried out a deadly knife rampage in Melbourne held extremist views and was known to intelligence services, authorities said Saturday, as they carried out raids and interviewed dozens of witnesses.Australian Federal Police said 30-year-old Hassan Khalif Shire Ali — who was shot dead after driving a 4×4 laden with gas cylinders into the city centre and stabbing three people — fled to Australia as a child with his family in the 1980s.He stabbed three people before being confronted by members of the public and armed officers who eventually shot him in the chest. One of his victims died at the scene while two others were wounded.Authorities have questioned around 35 people who saw the rush hour attack, which although crude, was said to have been designed to “cause terror and cause maximum casualties” in the heart Australia’s bustling second city.Armed officers raided two addresses in the west and northeast of the city, linked to the perpetrator’s family and associates, although there is not thought to be an ongoing threat.The man killed by Shire Ali was named by local media as 74-year-old Sisto Malaspina, an icon of Melbourne’s thriving culinary culture who ran a famous Italian cafe.Two other men wounded in the attack are still being treated but are expected to make a recovery.Difficult questionsAustralian authorities now face difficult questions about how Shire Ali, who was known to the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation for at least three years, was able to carry out an attack.He had his Australian passport revoked in 2015 amid fears he was trying to travel to Syria to join the Islamic State group.His brother will go on trial next year on separate terror-related charges — accused of trying to acquire a firearm and kill people in a New Years’ Eve crowd.”The assessment was made that whilst he had radicalised views he didn’t pose a threat to the national security environment,” Ian Mccartney, a federal police counterterrorism official said of Shire Ali.Mccartney described the attack as a “wake up call” even as the Islamic State loses territory in Iraq and Syria, where Australian forces are part of a coalition fighting the group.”The circumstances of how he and when he moved from having these radicalised views to carrying out this attack yesterday will be a key focus of the investigation,” Mccartney added.The Islamic State group — which often claims responsibility for such attacks — said via its propaganda arm that the perpetrator was an “Islamic State fighter and carried out the operation.”It provided no evidence to back its claim.Witness footage showed police struggling for at least a minute to corral the towering man as he lunged, slashed and stabbed wildly at two officers.At least two members of the public stepped in to help police. One man was armed with a cafe chair while another — swiftly dubbed an “Aussie hero” on social media — repeatedly tried to ram the suspect with an empty metal shopping cart.But the attacks continued unabated before one officer opted for lethal force, shooting the suspect in the chest.Tried to deescalateThe officers “tried to verbally deescalate” said Victoria Police Chief Commissioner Graham Ashton.”Once the officer is off the view that there is an imminent threat to life,” he added. “That is when firearms are drawn.”Witness Chris Newport, 60, described how he had been returning from a job interview when he heard a loud noise and saw a truck on fire, rolling across the tram tracks before a second, louder bang.”In a split second everything changes” Newport told AFP, describing Shire Ali manically brandishing a knife. “You can’t imagine someone deciding to do that.”Police said that his improvised explosive device was made up of gas cylinders and some form of lighter and “certainly wasn’t sophisticated”.Australian prime minister Scott Morrison said the country would be unflinching in the fight against “radical, violent… extremist Islam that opposes our very way of life”.Shire Ali “sought to instill fear in our nation. Like those who tried before him, this terrorist failed,” he said.He cited more than a dozen foiled terror plots as evidence that Australians could have faith in their counterterrorism authorities.Melbourne is Australia’s second largest city, a cosmopolitan metropolis of almost five million people famed for its cafes, bars, restaurants and high standard of living.Friday’s attack was a double blow for the city as it coincides with an ongoing murder trial of 28-year-old James Gargasoulas, accused of ploughing his car into crowds in the same area in 2017, killing six people. The motives for that attack are still unclear.
, arXiv PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Journal information: Physical Review Letters This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Play Drops of cold liquid SF6SF6 fall through an atmosphere of helium gas containing SF6SF6 vapor. Each drop, by cooling the surrounding vapor, creates a burst of tiny SF6SF6 droplets in its wake. The experiment illustrates a basic process of droplet seeding that may contribute to rain formation in the Earth’s atmosphere. Credit: P. Prabhakaran et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2017) They report that some of the sulphur hexafluoride pooled at the bottom of the tank and some of it remained as a gas in the upper portions of the tank. But then, the sulphur hexafluoride began to form droplets on the top of the box, which eventually detached, falling through the gas to land in the pool below. But the team found that as they fell, they caused smaller droplets to form in their wake—this was because the drops were colder than the gas they were passing through. These smaller drops than fell into the pool below as rain.The researchers acknowledge that they have no evidence that their experiment mimicked nature, but note that if something similar is happening in the atmosphere, it could explain the onset of sudden rainstorms. © 2017 Phys.org Contrast enhanced image sequence of an SF6 drop falling through the gaseous SF6-He layer. Shown is the lower part of the cell. The black mark on the left indicates the position of the liquid-vapor interface located at about 6 mm from the bottom plate. The time stamp (in ms) for each of these figures is indicated at the bottom right corner. Credit: arXiv:1705.10501 [physics.ao-ph] Drops of water found to spring from oscillating surface faster than the surface moves A half-century ago, scientists discovered that dumping dry ice on top of cumulus clouds caused the clouds to release rain, but to this day, nobody knows why. Similarly, scientists are still baffled by sudden rainstorms. Why do some clouds suddenly release rain while others that appear nearly identical do not? No one knows, because the factors at play in rain clouds are too difficult to study. For that reason, scientists are trying to recreate atmospheric conditions in the lab or via computer simulations. Unfortunately, neither approach has led to answers regarding sudden rainstorms. In this new effort, the researchers have taken a new approach to better understand rainstorms.Because it is difficult to mimic normal upper atmospheric conditions in a lab container, the researchers chose to use sulphur hexafluoride as a stand-in for water in the atmosphere because it can exist as a liquid and a gas at surface level pressure and also because it forms into droplets when chilled. They used helium as a stand-in for general atmospheric gasses. The chemicals were pumped into a box which was then heated slightly on the bottom and chilled slightly at the top. The researchers used a high-speed camera to film the action. (Phys.org)—A team of researchers from Germany, France and the U.S. has found a possible explanation for the onset of sudden rainstorms. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, the group describes experiments they conducted with stand-ins for water and atmospheric gases in a box in their lab and what they witnessed. More information: Prasanth Prabhakaran et al. Can Hail and Rain Nucleate Cloud Droplets?, Physical Review Letters (2017). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.128701 , On Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/1705.10501AbstractWe present results from moist convection in a mixture of pressurized sulfur hexa-flouride (liquid and vapor) and helium (gas) to model the wet and dry components of the earth’s atmosphere. To allow for homogeneous nucleation, we operate the experiment close to critical conditions. We report on the nucleation of microdroplets in the wake of large cold liquid drops falling through the supersaturated atmosphere and show that the homogeneous nucleation is caused by isobaric cooling of the saturated sulfur hexaflouride vapor. Our results carry over to atmospheric clouds: falling hail and cold rain drops may enhance the heterogeneous nucleation of microdroplets in their wake under supersaturated atmospheric conditions. We also observed that under appropriate conditions settling microdroplets form a rather stable horizontal cloud layer, which separates regions of super and sub critical saturation. Citation: Experiment in a box suggests a few cold falling rain drops could lead to a rain shower (2017, September 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-09-cold-falling-shower.html Explore further