Reliance Industries is gearing up to invest around $13 billion in energy projects, with an aim to boost heavy crude oil refining process in India and beat China and Middle East’s oil production capacity.The company’s Jamnagar Berhampur Refinery in Gujarat, which is also set to be included in this investment, has a capacity of refining 4 lakh barrels of crude oil per day (bpd), according to Reuters.As per the company’s plan, the new refinery will use five single point moorings, two for product shipments and three for crude oil import.”The new refinery will increase Reliance’s appetite for cheap opportunity grades and offer more dollars per barrel of oil processed,” Praveen Kumar at Singapore-based consultancy FACTS Global Energy told the news agency.While the company has not yet declared the details of project, analysts opine that the new refinery is expected to be constructed by the end of 2020.Reliance operates the world’s biggest refining complex in Jamnagar, where its two adjoining units can refine around 1.4 million bpd of oil.In 2013, the company received a nod from the environment ministry to invest ₹773 billion ($12.8 billion) to expand its new refinery and polymer units. The company was allowed to switch the energy capacity for a 450 megawatt.According to documents acquired by Reuters, the environment ministry in its letter to Reliance in May asked to meet certain conditions in order to receive approval for the projects. However, the process was delayed as the documents did not mention a specific date of approval. The company had cast reserves of $13.6 billion by end of June.”It makes perfect sense to go aggressive in their core business of refining,” said Jagannadham Thunuguntla, head of research and chief strategist at SMC Global Securities Ltd. “The company’s balance sheet has enough firepower to finance refining and other businesses like telecom and retail.”India, the world’s fourth largest oil consumer, plans to power its economic growth through focus on manufacturing sector, following Modi’s mantra of ‘Make in India’.Reliance aims to beat China and Middle East crude oil manufacturing companies by expanding its refining plant in Gujarat.”Recently the competitiveness of Jamnagar refining hub is gradually declining due to fast changing global scenario of product demand and stringent fuel quality,” according to a proposal by RTI Act.
Share Ivan Pierre Aguirre for The Texas TribuneMarchers head towards the tent city at Tornillo Port of Entry to protest the tent city erected there to house children separated from their parents at the border.The Trump administration insists it’s still prosecuting everyone who crosses the border illegally. But in one of Texas’ busiest border districts, federal prosecutors have dropped charges against some immigrants who entered the United States with their children — raising questions about whether President Donald Trump’s “zero tolerance” policy effectively remains in place.In an executive order Wednesday ending the separation of families at the border, Trump declared that migrant families should be detained together by the Department of Homeland Security while parents await prosecution, instead of parents being sent to jails and children sent to shelters. But doing that requires overcoming exceedingly difficult legal and logistical challenges — so “there is a necessary transition that will need to occur,” said Daryl Fields, spokesman for the U.S. Attorney in the Western District of Texas, which covers hundreds of miles of the Texas-Mexico border, including El Paso and Del Rio.“As part of that transition, the office today dismissed certain cases that were pending when the President issued the order,” Fields said Thursday night.In the chaos wrought by Trump’s order, it’s not clear exactly how many cases have been dismissed or who has ordered their dismissal — U.S. attorneys take their cues directly from the federal U.S. Department of Justice, which had ordered them to prosecute all illegal crossings “to the extent practicable.” Many attorneys representing migrants say they don’t know. And federal officials have given conflicting information.Maureen Scott Franco, who heads the federal public defender’s office in the Western District of Texas, wrote to her colleagues Thursday that charges have been or will be dropped against all immigrants who were separated from their children.Franco said in an interview later Thursday she was told by the U.S. attorney in the district that there weren’t suitable facilities to hold the migrant families, so some cases were being dismissed “if the case involved a family having to be separated.” The federal government has three detention centers that hold families, and those were reportedly already near capacity weeks ago. As federal prosecutors consider options for housing families legally, Franco said, “everything is on hold.”On Thursday, Fields seemed to confirm that, telling NBC News that charges would be dismissed against all immigrants who did not have serious criminal histories. But later, he retracted that statement, instead saying only that his office dismissed “certain cases.”Franco said she expects no further charges will be filed against immigrants crossing with their families until the government solves its facilities challenge.That would be a sharp departure from the Trump administration’s insistence that everyone who crosses the border illegally is still being prosecuted. U.S. Customs and Border Protection told The Washington Post Thursday it would stop sending families to federal prosecutors. The Department of Justice did not return a request for comment Friday morning.Dropping charges puts a “major dent” in the administration’s “zero tolerance” policy, said Carlos Spector, an immigration attorney in El Paso.But even without criminal charges, Spector said, families are likely to be held for long stretches of time in immigration detention centers as they contend with the civil portion of their immigration cases.Spector said he wasn’t sure how far the policy had spread, but added, “I can’t imagine it just being here. Ground zero for ‘zero tolerance’ is El Paso. So if they lifted it here it makes no sense to have it anywhere else.”It’s not clear whether charges against migrant parents have been dropped in the Southern District of Texas, the state’s other major border region, which includes ports of entry from Laredo down to Brownsville.On Friday, 61 immigrants appeared in a McAllen courthouse to be arraigned on illegal entry charges, according to Marjorie Meyers, the top federal public defender in the region. None of them had crossed the border with children.And on Thursday morning, 17 immigrants who were separated from their children had been brought to the same McAllen courthouse on allegations of illegal entry. But minutes before the judge arrived, their cases were removed from the docket and they were not charged, according to the Texas Civil Rights Project, whose lawyers were on hand for the proceedings.Meyers confirmed that the 17 immigrants who were taken off the judge’s schedule had been deemed “heads of household,” suggesting their prosecution was stalled because they had children in the United States.Other immigrants in the courtroom Thursday were criminally charged, the Texas Civil Rights Project said.Angela Dodge, spokeswoman for the federal prosecutor in the Southern District, said Thursday that “we prosecuted all the cases that were presented in court today.” Cases removed from the docket would not have been presented in court.“No cases were dismissed in the Southern District of Texas due to the family unit issue,” Dodge insisted.Meyers said since Trump’s order on Wednesday, it’s been unclear how prosecutors and immigration officers will handle immigrants who crossed the border with their children.Julián Aguilar contributed reporting from El Paso.
When it comes to playing chess against a male opponent, women often outperform expectations, a new study claims. The study results, published in the journal Psychological Science, indicate that women players are not affected by negative stereotypes about their chess abilities during competition games.According to the researchers, data from 1,60,000 ranked chess players and more than five million chess matches suggests that women playing against men perform better than expected based on their official chess ratings. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”The news is good for female chess players, of whom there are exploding numbers. Although discrimination is real and pervasive, women playing tournament chess do not seem to be at a disadvantage when paired with men,” said the co-author of the study, Tom Stafford from the University of Sheffield.To investigate this phenomenon, researchers analysed data from standard tournament chess games played between rated players from January 2008 through August 2015. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe rating system continuously incorporates game outcomes to update players’ ratings. These ratings can be used to predict who will win in a match between any two players, the researcher said.In total, the analyses included data from 1,50,977 men and 16,158 women playing in 55,58,110 games.Overall, men had a slightly higher average FIDE rating than women. But the game outcomes indicated that women won matches against men more often than would have been predicted given each player’s rating. This pattern held across the whole range of rating differences. In other words, women outperformed expectations when playing a man compared with when they played against other women, a finding that runs contrary to the negative effect that one would expect as a result of stereotype threat.”These findings show that even famous psychological phenomena may not be present all the time. Factors other than stereotype threat appear to be more important in determining men and women’s tournament chess performance,” Stafford noted.