FAO says H5N1 situation in birds has improved

first_imgAug 11, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – The global H5N1 avian influenza situation in birds improved in the first half of this year, but an H5N1 strain not previously seen in Africa recently cropped up in Nigeria, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).”Considering the number of outbreaks reported worldwide, the global HPAI [highly pathogenic avian influenza] situation can be said to have improved markedly in the first half of 2008,” the FAO said in the latest issue of its avian flu bulletin, AIDEnews.However, four countries where H5N1 is endemic—Egypt, China, Indonesia, and Vietnam—continued to report outbreaks during the 6-month period, and the virus re-emerged in Pakistan and in Hong Kong’s live bird markets, the agency noted.In June, 11 H5N1 outbreaks were reported in five countries (China, Egypt, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Vietnam), compared with 65 outbreaks in June 2006 and 55 in June 2007, the FAO said. Europe reported no outbreaks, unlike in June of previous years, and no cases were reported in wild birds.However, Indonesia has not submitted reports on H5N1 events since May, because the new database for the country’s Participatory Disease Surveillance system is being modified, according to the report.”Although there has been an improvement in disease awareness, outbreaks/cases of HPAI are still underestimated and underreported in many countries because of limitations in country disease surveillance systems, which may affect considerably the shape of the distribution of outbreaks by region,” the FAO said.Novel strain in NigeriaIn a statement today about Nigeria, the FAO said recent avian flu outbreaks in the states of Katsina and Kano involved a strain that has never been reported in Africa before but is similar to strains identified in Italy, Afghanistan, and Iran in 2007. The agency did not identify the strain by clade or subclade.Scott Newman, international wildlife coordinator for the FAO’s Animal Health Service, said the discovery is a concern because it is not known how the virus was brought into Africa.”It seems to be unlikely that wild birds have carried the strain to Africa, since the last migration of wild birds from Europe and Central Asia to Africa occurred in September 2007 and this year’s southerly migration into Africa has not really started yet,” Newman said.He said the new strain could have been introduced through international trade or illegal and unreported movement of poultry, adding, “This increases the risk of avian influenza spread to other countries in western Africa.”A team of FAO animal health experts and veterinary epidemiologists is working with the Nigerian government on disease surveillance, outbreak investigations, and the establishment of veterinary drug stockpiles, the agency said.Increased pathogenicity in VietnamIn other developments, the pathogenicity of H5N1 strains circulating in Vietnam seems to be rising, according to another article in the FAO’s AIDEnews.Investigators from the US Department of Agriculture and colleagues from Vietnam’s National Centre for Veterinary Diagnosis said the increase in pathogenicity is manifested by more severe respiratory tract infections in ducks and an increase in cloacal virus levels, according to the article.The higher pathogenicity has been seen in H5N1 viruses circulating in the Red River Basin (clades 2.3.2 and 2.3.4) and the Mekong delta (clade 1), the report says.Jan Slingenbergh of the FAO’s Animal Health Service said that despite the increased pathogenicity, avian flu in Vietnam is generally “fairly well in check,” according to the report. Slingenbergh participated in an avian flu conference in mid June in Hanoi.He reported that avian flu in southern Vietnam is well in check, but that efforts in northern Vietnam need “strengthening with measures other than vaccination, and the cost of vaccination cannot continue to be entirely supported by public funds only,” the article states.See also: Aug 11 FAO statement on H5N1 strain in Nigeriahttp://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2008/1000909/index.htmlJul 25 issue of FAO’s AIDEnewshttp://www.fao.org/docs/eims/upload/246457/aj097e00.pdfJul 25 CIDRAP News story “Nigeria finds H5N1 in bird markets”last_img read more

Barbados records rise in syphilis among pregnant women

first_imgHealthLifestyleNewsRegional Barbados records rise in syphilis among pregnant women by: – August 16, 2018 145 Views   no discussions Tweet Share Sharecenter_img (Photo: CMC)BRIDGETOWN, Barbados (CMC) — The Ministry of Health and Wellness in Barbados on Wednesday expressed concern about the high rates of syphilis, a sexually transmitted infection (STI), being seen among pregnant women in that country.Anton Best, senior medical officer of health with responsibility for the HIV/STI Programme, revealed that while the national outbreak, which was previously reported, was mainly seen in men, the ministry was now seeing an abnormally high rate of syphilis in pregnant women and, by extension, an increase in the number of babies born at risk for congenital syphilis.Statistics show a rise from the average one or two cases a year of syphilis in pregnant women to 17 in 2016.According to the ministry official, preliminary analyses from 2017 show a similarly high rate.Dr Best said that effective prevention and detection of congenital syphilis depended on the identification of the STI in pregnant women. He noted that the Ministry of Health and Wellness’ guidelines made it clear that all pregnant women should be offered a screening test for syphilis at booking and at 28 weeks’ gestation.Congenital syphilis is a potentially severe, disabling and often life-threatening infection seen in infants. The syphilis bacterium is transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy and/or delivery, and this could cause severe illness in babies including premature birth, low birth weight, birth defects, blindness and hearing loss. It could also lead to stillbirth and infant death.Best stressed the importance of testing, pointing out that if a pregnant mother was identified as being infected with syphilis, treatment could effectively prevent congenital syphilis from developing in the foetus.“The foetus is at risk of contracting syphilis when the mother is in the early stages of infection, but the disease can be passed at any point during pregnancy, even during delivery, if the child has not already contracted it,” he explained.“To prevent congenital syphilis, it is imperative that all pregnant women be screened for syphilis during pregnancy. And for those that are found to have syphilis, prompt therapy with penicillin should be administered.”Best advised all sexually active persons in Barbados to get annual sexual health checks including screening for syphilis, HIV and other STIs. All persons diagnosed with syphilis should be treated and monitored in accordance with the current guidelines from the Ministry of Health and Wellness, he added. Sharing is caring! Sharelast_img read more

Fast reaction: 3 takeaways from No. 3 Syracuse’s 11-9 win at Colgate

first_img Published on May 6, 2017 at 2:31 pm Contact Matthew: mguti100@syr.edu | @MatthewGut21 Facebook Twitter Google+ HAMILTON, N.Y. — In its final regular season game of 2017, No. 3 Syracuse (12-2, 4-0 Atlantic Coast) escaped with a 11-9 victory Saturday afternoon over unranked Colgate (5-9, 3-5 Patriot) on Crown Field at Andy Kerr Stadium. SU junior midfielder Brendan Bomberry scored three goals, senior faceoff specialist Ben Williams won 16-of-23 chances at the faceoff X and Syracuse tallied its 10th win in its last 11 outings. A day before the NCAA tournament selection show, Syracuse did not look like a top-5 team in the country but squeaked out a win anyway.The Orange, which beat the Raiders for the fifth straight year in a matchup that dates back to 1921, plays at home next Sunday night in the NCAA tournament.Here are three quick reactions to SU’s victory at Colgate.Late burst pushes Syracuse After facing an early 3-0 deficit, Colgate went on a 7-3 run over the next two quarters and took its first lead of the game, midway through the third. That was quickly erased with back-to-back SU goals, first from Bomberry then by senior midfielder Sergio Salcido. Down one, senior attack Jordan Evans found an open Salcido at the top of the offense. The skip pass created a ripple in the defense, leaving Bomberry open near the crease. Salcido hit Bomberry for his third goal of the day to tie it up at 7.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textOn Syracuse’s next possession, Salcido hit a low right-handed rip off of a pass from Evans. The Orange retook the lead, 8-7, and held on over the remaining 20 minutes of play.Bomberry’s fourth hat trickThe junior scored only one combined goal against Binghamton and North Carolina. He took only four shots over that 120-plus minute period. On Saturday, he returned to the form that made him the leading scorer for SU through seven games. His production slowed in recent weeks, largely because he was covered more closely near the crease and less aggressive with the ball.His first goal on Saturday, also Syracuse’s first, came from a Joe Gillis transition feed three and a half minutes into the game. A few minutes later, he swept left to no avail. He came back around with a run behind the cage and swept right, then flushed the goal home. His third goal, which tied the game, put to rest Colgate’s 4-0 run to tie the game and sparked Syracuse’s four-goal run to retake the lead.Ben’s returnWilliams erupted to a hot start at the faceoff X, which set up SU’s offense to score three unanswered goals at the onset of the contest. He won 5-of-7 in the first quarter and 4-of-5 in the second. While he struggled in the third, winning only 2-of-6 chances and allowing Colgate to inch back into the game, he found his groove again in the fourth.Williams, who entered Saturday after winning only 24 of his previous 51 faceoffs (47 percent), opened the last frame with a 30-second grind-it-out hold at the faceoff X against Collin Orr. He won all four faceoffs of the fourth, enabling Syracuse to get possession and mitigate its 17 turnovers.Williams’ biggest faceoff came with 1:32 remaining, after a Colgate score made it a one-goal game. He won and, after a late Colgate shot to tie, SU regained possession. As the buzzer sounded, SU goalie Evan Molloy heaved a shot from the other side of the field. It went in for his first career goal, and Syracuse celebrated its 11-9 win. Commentslast_img read more