Aug 11, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – The global H5N1 avian influenza situation in birds improved in the first half of this year, but an H5N1 strain not previously seen in Africa recently cropped up in Nigeria, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).”Considering the number of outbreaks reported worldwide, the global HPAI [highly pathogenic avian influenza] situation can be said to have improved markedly in the first half of 2008,” the FAO said in the latest issue of its avian flu bulletin, AIDEnews.However, four countries where H5N1 is endemic—Egypt, China, Indonesia, and Vietnam—continued to report outbreaks during the 6-month period, and the virus re-emerged in Pakistan and in Hong Kong’s live bird markets, the agency noted.In June, 11 H5N1 outbreaks were reported in five countries (China, Egypt, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Vietnam), compared with 65 outbreaks in June 2006 and 55 in June 2007, the FAO said. Europe reported no outbreaks, unlike in June of previous years, and no cases were reported in wild birds.However, Indonesia has not submitted reports on H5N1 events since May, because the new database for the country’s Participatory Disease Surveillance system is being modified, according to the report.”Although there has been an improvement in disease awareness, outbreaks/cases of HPAI are still underestimated and underreported in many countries because of limitations in country disease surveillance systems, which may affect considerably the shape of the distribution of outbreaks by region,” the FAO said.Novel strain in NigeriaIn a statement today about Nigeria, the FAO said recent avian flu outbreaks in the states of Katsina and Kano involved a strain that has never been reported in Africa before but is similar to strains identified in Italy, Afghanistan, and Iran in 2007. The agency did not identify the strain by clade or subclade.Scott Newman, international wildlife coordinator for the FAO’s Animal Health Service, said the discovery is a concern because it is not known how the virus was brought into Africa.”It seems to be unlikely that wild birds have carried the strain to Africa, since the last migration of wild birds from Europe and Central Asia to Africa occurred in September 2007 and this year’s southerly migration into Africa has not really started yet,” Newman said.He said the new strain could have been introduced through international trade or illegal and unreported movement of poultry, adding, “This increases the risk of avian influenza spread to other countries in western Africa.”A team of FAO animal health experts and veterinary epidemiologists is working with the Nigerian government on disease surveillance, outbreak investigations, and the establishment of veterinary drug stockpiles, the agency said.Increased pathogenicity in VietnamIn other developments, the pathogenicity of H5N1 strains circulating in Vietnam seems to be rising, according to another article in the FAO’s AIDEnews.Investigators from the US Department of Agriculture and colleagues from Vietnam’s National Centre for Veterinary Diagnosis said the increase in pathogenicity is manifested by more severe respiratory tract infections in ducks and an increase in cloacal virus levels, according to the article.The higher pathogenicity has been seen in H5N1 viruses circulating in the Red River Basin (clades 2.3.2 and 2.3.4) and the Mekong delta (clade 1), the report says.Jan Slingenbergh of the FAO’s Animal Health Service said that despite the increased pathogenicity, avian flu in Vietnam is generally “fairly well in check,” according to the report. Slingenbergh participated in an avian flu conference in mid June in Hanoi.He reported that avian flu in southern Vietnam is well in check, but that efforts in northern Vietnam need “strengthening with measures other than vaccination, and the cost of vaccination cannot continue to be entirely supported by public funds only,” the article states.See also: Aug 11 FAO statement on H5N1 strain in Nigeriahttp://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2008/1000909/index.htmlJul 25 issue of FAO’s AIDEnewshttp://www.fao.org/docs/eims/upload/246457/aj097e00.pdfJul 25 CIDRAP News story “Nigeria finds H5N1 in bird markets”
Santita Ebangwese took her two patented large strides up to the net, before striking the ball on the run, straight down through the opposing block and straight into the floor of the Women’s Building.Time and time again on Friday night, the Syracuse frontline outmatched a much shorter Clemson attack. Even as the Tigers tried to switch up attack plans, no coaching or strategy could overcome the aerial dominance of the Orange’s 6-foot plus attack. In Friday night’s battle, Syracuse (12-6, 4-1 Atlantic Coast) dominated the aerial battle above the net against Clemson (5-12, 0-5 Atlantic Coast), claiming a 3-0 straight set victory 25-17, 25-16, 25-21 victory.With no Clemson player up front over six foot two inches, the Orange towered above as the 6-foot-4 duo of Anastasiya Gorelina and Christina Oyawele piled up kills offensively. A lack of net resistance from Clemson led to Oyawele’s season high in kills (11) and a hitting percentage of .917. The hitting percentage set a single-match record for the program (minimum 10 attempts), a record that had stood previously for 23 years.“It’s good to have size, but it’s only size when you know how to use your size by doing the right things,” head coach Leonid Yelin said.The Orange put immense defensive pressure on Clemson through both blocks and errors from the Tigers’ leading attackers. Syracuse recorded 12 blocks, twice as many as Clemson, which was held to just a .037 hitting percentage, the second best Syracuse defensive performance of the season.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text“I expect that we can do much better with blocking and tried to do more than we should at some points tonight,” Yelin said. “But we hope that every game they are learning how to do what they have to do to be disciplined, we have to stick to the game plan, and that is part of the game plan.”On the night, Clemson had 25 attack errors, mostly due to the long arms of freshman Dana Gardner and Ebangwese rising up to deter each kill attempt. As the match developed, the Tigers altered the game plan, attempting fewer pure power kills and opting to attempt to place their kills, specifically trying to tip the ball over Syracuse blockers.But when the Tigers tried to replicate the Orange success with blocking shots, many of those block attempts ended up in the Tigers’ net due to the power and angle of attack from Gorelina and Oyawele.Be it long arms on defense or powerful kills, Syracuse’s height was the difference on Friday. Comments Facebook Twitter Google+ Published on October 7, 2017 at 12:03 am Contact Anthony: firstname.lastname@example.org
Advertisement AdvertisementManchester United’s woes carry on into late October with another defeat and this time at the hands of Juventus and Manchester home-boy Cristiano Ronaldo. This defeat at Old Trafford exhibits a stark reminder of how far apart Mourinho’s men are from Europe’s elites at the moment.Wonderkid Paolo Dybala scored a 17th minute tap-in from a low cross by Ronaldo. Although the Italian champions had plenty of chances to increase their lead , they seemed to be content with playing for an 1-0.United looked to be a team without a plan and failed to break down a sturdy defensive partnership of Chiellini and Bonucci. Jose Mourinho utilized the press conference to praise the duo by saying “Leonardo Bonucci and Giorgio Chiellini, they could go to Harvard University to give classes about how to be a central defender.“Quality in football is everywhere. When I say quality I don’t just say creative players – Chiellini and Bonucci, it is absolutely beautiful to see.” added Jose.As a result of the abysmal shape of United’s strategy , De Gea had to come alive on multiple occasions to keep the scoreline intact.Ronaldo and Dybala were man-marked but managed to break free very often by interchanging positions between themselves and Juventus had extra man dropping into the zone at every possible opportunity in the form of Cancelo or Sandro.Cristiano Ronaldo once again was on the victorious side at Old Trafford but in a different kit.