Reliance Industries is gearing up to invest around $13 billion in energy projects, with an aim to boost heavy crude oil refining process in India and beat China and Middle East’s oil production capacity.The company’s Jamnagar Berhampur Refinery in Gujarat, which is also set to be included in this investment, has a capacity of refining 4 lakh barrels of crude oil per day (bpd), according to Reuters.As per the company’s plan, the new refinery will use five single point moorings, two for product shipments and three for crude oil import.”The new refinery will increase Reliance’s appetite for cheap opportunity grades and offer more dollars per barrel of oil processed,” Praveen Kumar at Singapore-based consultancy FACTS Global Energy told the news agency.While the company has not yet declared the details of project, analysts opine that the new refinery is expected to be constructed by the end of 2020.Reliance operates the world’s biggest refining complex in Jamnagar, where its two adjoining units can refine around 1.4 million bpd of oil.In 2013, the company received a nod from the environment ministry to invest ₹773 billion ($12.8 billion) to expand its new refinery and polymer units. The company was allowed to switch the energy capacity for a 450 megawatt.According to documents acquired by Reuters, the environment ministry in its letter to Reliance in May asked to meet certain conditions in order to receive approval for the projects. However, the process was delayed as the documents did not mention a specific date of approval. The company had cast reserves of $13.6 billion by end of June.”It makes perfect sense to go aggressive in their core business of refining,” said Jagannadham Thunuguntla, head of research and chief strategist at SMC Global Securities Ltd. “The company’s balance sheet has enough firepower to finance refining and other businesses like telecom and retail.”India, the world’s fourth largest oil consumer, plans to power its economic growth through focus on manufacturing sector, following Modi’s mantra of ‘Make in India’.Reliance aims to beat China and Middle East crude oil manufacturing companies by expanding its refining plant in Gujarat.”Recently the competitiveness of Jamnagar refining hub is gradually declining due to fast changing global scenario of product demand and stringent fuel quality,” according to a proposal by RTI Act.
Scott C Waring, a self-proclaimed alien researcher who operates from Taiwan, is one of the most prominent figures in the UFO community. The researcher has been releasing some mindblowing UFO videos over the past few years, and he believes these clips are proof of extraterrestrial existence.Throughout his career, Waring has blamed NASA and the government for covering up realities about alien life, and now he has targeted search engine giant Google for working ‘hand-in-glove’ with the authorities to censor facts of extraterrestrial existence from the general public.In a recent post on his website ‘UFO Sightings Daily’, Waring alleged that Google is intentionally trying to target UFO researchers in order to make sure that their content is not reaching the fingertips of internet users.”Google owns the platform my UFO Sightings Daily site is on, Google owns Youtube, Google owns Adsense. DO YOU SEE A PATTERN YET? Because I sure do. UFO researchers worldwide are being attacked by Google, which is an organisation worldwide controlling information that people are allowed to see. That Google itself is attempting to clean up and delete the UFO community from the Internet. We are under attack by Google,” wrote Waring on his website.A few months back, after spotting a fossil-like structure on Mars, Waring had urged United States president Donald Trump to appoint him as the head of NASA. In his web post, Waring claimed that he will disclose all secrets about alien life if he gets a chance to work as the head of the United States space agency.The comments from Waring came just a few days after a streak of pulsating UFOs were spotted in England. The clip of this bizarre incident was released by conspiracy theory YouTube channel ‘Mavixxx’, and it made many people believe that an alien invasion is imminent.
This handout video grab taken and received on 9 November, 2018 via the Instagram account of Chris Newport shows a man fighting with policemen in downtown Melbourne after he stabbed a number of people. Photo: AFPA Somali-born Australian who carried out a deadly knife rampage in Melbourne held extremist views and was known to intelligence services, authorities said Saturday, as they carried out raids and interviewed dozens of witnesses.Australian Federal Police said 30-year-old Hassan Khalif Shire Ali — who was shot dead after driving a 4×4 laden with gas cylinders into the city centre and stabbing three people — fled to Australia as a child with his family in the 1980s.He stabbed three people before being confronted by members of the public and armed officers who eventually shot him in the chest. One of his victims died at the scene while two others were wounded.Authorities have questioned around 35 people who saw the rush hour attack, which although crude, was said to have been designed to “cause terror and cause maximum casualties” in the heart Australia’s bustling second city.Armed officers raided two addresses in the west and northeast of the city, linked to the perpetrator’s family and associates, although there is not thought to be an ongoing threat.The man killed by Shire Ali was named by local media as 74-year-old Sisto Malaspina, an icon of Melbourne’s thriving culinary culture who ran a famous Italian cafe.Two other men wounded in the attack are still being treated but are expected to make a recovery.Difficult questionsAustralian authorities now face difficult questions about how Shire Ali, who was known to the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation for at least three years, was able to carry out an attack.He had his Australian passport revoked in 2015 amid fears he was trying to travel to Syria to join the Islamic State group.His brother will go on trial next year on separate terror-related charges — accused of trying to acquire a firearm and kill people in a New Years’ Eve crowd.”The assessment was made that whilst he had radicalised views he didn’t pose a threat to the national security environment,” Ian Mccartney, a federal police counterterrorism official said of Shire Ali.Mccartney described the attack as a “wake up call” even as the Islamic State loses territory in Iraq and Syria, where Australian forces are part of a coalition fighting the group.”The circumstances of how he and when he moved from having these radicalised views to carrying out this attack yesterday will be a key focus of the investigation,” Mccartney added.The Islamic State group — which often claims responsibility for such attacks — said via its propaganda arm that the perpetrator was an “Islamic State fighter and carried out the operation.”It provided no evidence to back its claim.Witness footage showed police struggling for at least a minute to corral the towering man as he lunged, slashed and stabbed wildly at two officers.At least two members of the public stepped in to help police. One man was armed with a cafe chair while another — swiftly dubbed an “Aussie hero” on social media — repeatedly tried to ram the suspect with an empty metal shopping cart.But the attacks continued unabated before one officer opted for lethal force, shooting the suspect in the chest.Tried to deescalateThe officers “tried to verbally deescalate” said Victoria Police Chief Commissioner Graham Ashton.”Once the officer is off the view that there is an imminent threat to life,” he added. “That is when firearms are drawn.”Witness Chris Newport, 60, described how he had been returning from a job interview when he heard a loud noise and saw a truck on fire, rolling across the tram tracks before a second, louder bang.”In a split second everything changes” Newport told AFP, describing Shire Ali manically brandishing a knife. “You can’t imagine someone deciding to do that.”Police said that his improvised explosive device was made up of gas cylinders and some form of lighter and “certainly wasn’t sophisticated”.Australian prime minister Scott Morrison said the country would be unflinching in the fight against “radical, violent… extremist Islam that opposes our very way of life”.Shire Ali “sought to instill fear in our nation. Like those who tried before him, this terrorist failed,” he said.He cited more than a dozen foiled terror plots as evidence that Australians could have faith in their counterterrorism authorities.Melbourne is Australia’s second largest city, a cosmopolitan metropolis of almost five million people famed for its cafes, bars, restaurants and high standard of living.Friday’s attack was a double blow for the city as it coincides with an ongoing murder trial of 28-year-old James Gargasoulas, accused of ploughing his car into crowds in the same area in 2017, killing six people. The motives for that attack are still unclear.
Share Ivan Pierre Aguirre for The Texas TribuneMarchers head towards the tent city at Tornillo Port of Entry to protest the tent city erected there to house children separated from their parents at the border.The Trump administration insists it’s still prosecuting everyone who crosses the border illegally. But in one of Texas’ busiest border districts, federal prosecutors have dropped charges against some immigrants who entered the United States with their children — raising questions about whether President Donald Trump’s “zero tolerance” policy effectively remains in place.In an executive order Wednesday ending the separation of families at the border, Trump declared that migrant families should be detained together by the Department of Homeland Security while parents await prosecution, instead of parents being sent to jails and children sent to shelters. But doing that requires overcoming exceedingly difficult legal and logistical challenges — so “there is a necessary transition that will need to occur,” said Daryl Fields, spokesman for the U.S. Attorney in the Western District of Texas, which covers hundreds of miles of the Texas-Mexico border, including El Paso and Del Rio.“As part of that transition, the office today dismissed certain cases that were pending when the President issued the order,” Fields said Thursday night.In the chaos wrought by Trump’s order, it’s not clear exactly how many cases have been dismissed or who has ordered their dismissal — U.S. attorneys take their cues directly from the federal U.S. Department of Justice, which had ordered them to prosecute all illegal crossings “to the extent practicable.” Many attorneys representing migrants say they don’t know. And federal officials have given conflicting information.Maureen Scott Franco, who heads the federal public defender’s office in the Western District of Texas, wrote to her colleagues Thursday that charges have been or will be dropped against all immigrants who were separated from their children.Franco said in an interview later Thursday she was told by the U.S. attorney in the district that there weren’t suitable facilities to hold the migrant families, so some cases were being dismissed “if the case involved a family having to be separated.” The federal government has three detention centers that hold families, and those were reportedly already near capacity weeks ago. As federal prosecutors consider options for housing families legally, Franco said, “everything is on hold.”On Thursday, Fields seemed to confirm that, telling NBC News that charges would be dismissed against all immigrants who did not have serious criminal histories. But later, he retracted that statement, instead saying only that his office dismissed “certain cases.”Franco said she expects no further charges will be filed against immigrants crossing with their families until the government solves its facilities challenge.That would be a sharp departure from the Trump administration’s insistence that everyone who crosses the border illegally is still being prosecuted. U.S. Customs and Border Protection told The Washington Post Thursday it would stop sending families to federal prosecutors. The Department of Justice did not return a request for comment Friday morning.Dropping charges puts a “major dent” in the administration’s “zero tolerance” policy, said Carlos Spector, an immigration attorney in El Paso.But even without criminal charges, Spector said, families are likely to be held for long stretches of time in immigration detention centers as they contend with the civil portion of their immigration cases.Spector said he wasn’t sure how far the policy had spread, but added, “I can’t imagine it just being here. Ground zero for ‘zero tolerance’ is El Paso. So if they lifted it here it makes no sense to have it anywhere else.”It’s not clear whether charges against migrant parents have been dropped in the Southern District of Texas, the state’s other major border region, which includes ports of entry from Laredo down to Brownsville.On Friday, 61 immigrants appeared in a McAllen courthouse to be arraigned on illegal entry charges, according to Marjorie Meyers, the top federal public defender in the region. None of them had crossed the border with children.And on Thursday morning, 17 immigrants who were separated from their children had been brought to the same McAllen courthouse on allegations of illegal entry. But minutes before the judge arrived, their cases were removed from the docket and they were not charged, according to the Texas Civil Rights Project, whose lawyers were on hand for the proceedings.Meyers confirmed that the 17 immigrants who were taken off the judge’s schedule had been deemed “heads of household,” suggesting their prosecution was stalled because they had children in the United States.Other immigrants in the courtroom Thursday were criminally charged, the Texas Civil Rights Project said.Angela Dodge, spokeswoman for the federal prosecutor in the Southern District, said Thursday that “we prosecuted all the cases that were presented in court today.” Cases removed from the docket would not have been presented in court.“No cases were dismissed in the Southern District of Texas due to the family unit issue,” Dodge insisted.Meyers said since Trump’s order on Wednesday, it’s been unclear how prosecutors and immigration officers will handle immigrants who crossed the border with their children.Julián Aguilar contributed reporting from El Paso.
Light may increase magnetic memory speeds 1000 times, decrease electricity consumption Explore further Citation: Disorder helps to ‘hyperfocus’ waves in time reversal acoustics (2006, March 24) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2006-03-disorder-hyperfocus-reversal-acoustics.html “This is the first time that a time reversal experiment has been performed through a phononic crystal, i.e. a perfectly ordered material,” said Tourin. “The comparison between a phononic crystal and a disordered medium shows that disorder plays a clear role in the so-called ‘hyperfocusing effect.’”The team of physicists also analyzed time-reversal properties for short-lived evanescent waves that occur at forbidden frequencies in the phononic crystal. The evanescent waves exhibited surprisingly good time compression, showing that – despite the absence of hyperfocusing – time reversal focusing is still possible in highly ordered media.Since conventional sound waves disperse when traveling through a medium, the possibility of focusing sound waves could have applications in several areas. In cryptography, for example, when sending a secret message, the sender could ensure that only one location would receive the message. Interceptors at other locations would only pick up noise due to unfocused waves. Other potential uses include antisubmarine warfare and underwater communications that benefit from targeted signaling.Citation: Tourin, A., Van Der Biest, F. and Fink, M. Time Reversal of Ultrasound through a Phononic Crystal. Physical Review Letters 96, 104301 (2006).By Lisa Zyga, Copyright 2006 PhysOrg.com For every burst of sound, there must exist a sound that bursts in reverse, according to the theory of time reversal acoustics. From their discoveries of some surprising characteristics of mediums and frequencies, scientists have gained insight into acoustic time reversal, which could impact applications such as sending confidential messages in cryptography. This sketch shows how a disordered medium can “hyperfocus” sound waves – something that an ordered medium cannot do. A disordered medium acts like an acoustic lens, its heterogeneities refracting sound waves by scattering and directing otherwise-lost wave frequencies (red arrows) toward the time reversal mirror (TRM). In an ordered medium, on the other hand, the wave frequencies are not scattered (blue arrows), and therefore only those already heading toward the TRM are received. Credit: A. Tourin, et al. The team used a TRM that consisted of an array of 41 transducers, which recorded the original waves and then focused the waves back to the source. The transducers play the role of microphones and loudspeakers because they act as “reversible” devices.“The term ‘time reversal’ tells you that the signal captured by the TRM and stored in electronic memories is read in the reverse order before being sent back,” Tourin told PhysOrg.com.Although the 41 transducers try to capture as many of the original waves within a phononic (vibrating) crystal as possible, several frequencies slip through the cracks, which reduces spatial focusing for the return waves. Sometimes, frequencies that would normally not pass through the TRM can be directed toward the mirror by a medium with large apertures and significant disorder.In this case, when the 41 transducers try to capture waves propagating through a medium of steel rods arranged randomly in water, the rods scatter and redirect otherwise-lost frequencies into one of the transducers. The ability to catch these misguided frequencies is called “hyperfocusing.” When the physicists observed time reversal in a phononic crystal, however, they did not observe the hyperfocusing effect. Time-reversed focusing is based on the fact that when a wave is played backwards in time, wavelengths will retrace their paths. Although theoretically the overlap should be exact, the actual time reversal mirrors (TRMs) that play back the waves can not “catch” every frequency of the original wave. Scientists know that some media allow acoustic time reversal to occur with higher resolution than other media, and recently physicists from the University of Paris have discovered how disordered and ordered media affect this resolution.In a study published in Physical Review Letters, physicists A. Tourin, F. Van Der Biest and M. Fink have found that, while sound waves traveling through a disordered medium can focus with high precision, waves traveling through an ordered medium do not have the same ability to focus. The team was also surprised to discover that for a certain type of wave called evanescent waves, an ordered medium exhibits better time compression than a disordered medium. Using this phononic crystal, physicists found that a medium with an orderly lattice arrangement exhibits better time compression (the signal recorded at the original source) than a disordered medium in time-reversed evanescent sound waves. Better time compression gives a closer approximation of the initial sound. Credit: A. Tourin, et al. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
An exponent of Rabindra sangeet, a pioneer of film music in Bengali and Hindi Cinema, a music composer and a singer- one man with an array of talents left an indelible footprint in the history of cinema. Commemorating the memories of this multifarious artist, Kamani auditorium witnessed a melodious evening on 10 April to pay a tribute to the Indian music legend- Pankaj Mallick.The musical evening was organised by Pankaj Mullick Music and Art Foundation. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Star artists, Jhinuk Gupta and Rajib Gupta, spellbound the audience with the legend’s eternal songs and immortal compositions. It was a celebration of his musical genius through an ode to his film songs, ghazals, bhajans, rabindrasangeet and bangla adhunik. It just did not end there. The audience was further taken through a journey, using video projections to describe the historical facts associated with his songs. The only grandson of the late music maestro, Rajib Gupta shared anecdotes from his grandfather’s life, adding, ‘This evening is to connect the present generation of music lovers and the heritage of Indian music.’ Pankaj Mullick- The Reel Story, a documentary directed by Rajib was screened for the fans to give them a glimpse of the late artist who gained stupendous achievements and added a many feathers to his cap through the journey of his life.
Taking care of ones nails is very important when it comes to maintaining hygiene. Keep your hands moisturised, coat the nails properly and choose proper lacquer, suggest experts. Beauty experts list down some ways to take care of nails:- Practice good nail hygiene: Without proper care, the nails become brittle and thin and so, it is essential to have a regular maintenance routine. Manicure and pedicure help in keeping healthy and shiny looking nails. Ensure that you stick to salons that have technicians who have undergone proper training. Wear gloves for better nail care when working with your hands, such as when you are gardening or housecleaning, to protect the polish and keep dirt out of your nails. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf-Choose correct nail lacquer and nail care collection: Wearing nail polish does not harm your healthy nails, but many of your favourite nail polishes and acrylics, are full of harsh chemicals that cause nail brittleness, dryness, and thinning. Ensure that you use products that are paraben-free, sulfate-free, formaldehyde-free, toxin-free, gluten-free, cruelty-free and vegan.-Pick a nail colour remover that treats conditions that adversely affect nails and cuticles, preferable something that has the unique goodness of Vitamins A, C, and E. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive-Hydrate your hands: It is advised to wash the hands with lukewarm water to help keep the hands and nails soft and smooth. Also, apply a hand cream frequently which is enriched with fruit extracts. It will help in restoring and make the hands look hydrated and moisturised.-Coat it up: Bottom and top coat may seem unimportant, but they help to keep our nails from chipping, splitting, cracking and strengthen and protect the nail from being stained. The coats also do an awesome job smoothing imperfections. Try and pick up a top coat which has an external barrier harder than traditional top coats, so it’s more durable against wear and damage. Also look for UV protection in the formula to combat environmental damage to include fading and yellowing. -Nail extension: The nails are one of the parts of the body that can say more of a person. In fact, many people look at the hands because they say a lot about each other’s personality, the way of life. Presentable nails are equally important and if the nails do not grow and are short, it’s beneficial to get nail extension done.-Take care of your nail extensions. Make sure that you fix the damaged nails as soon as possible and keep an eye out for dryness, redness and peeling of skin or cuticles.-Moisturise cuticles: Taking care of the cuticles is a critical part for a healthy growing nail. Dry, cracking cuticles not only make nails look messy, they can also cause hangnails and just plain hurt. Cuticles are part of your skin and serve the important purpose of acting as your nail’s protective barrier. Moisturise and massage with oils which have healing properties such as Argan Oil to restore moisture and repair damages.