A public health approach to stemming gun violence

first_img Read Full Story In the wake of a mass shooting on Oct. 1 in Las Vegas that left at least 59 people dead and more than 500 injured, David Hemenway, professor of health policy at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and director of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center, offered insights on the public health approach to gun control.Are mass shootings becoming more frequent and more deadly in the U.S.?Public mass shootings, such as what just happened in Las Vegas and in last year’s shooting at the Pulse nightclub in Florida have become more frequent. Unfortunately, it appears that these killings are somewhat contagious.They also seem to be becoming more deadly—largely because of the weaponry at the killers’ disposal. The Las Vegas shooter had 47 guns in his hotel room—all purchased legally—including at least one that could fire at 9 rounds per second.But while these mass shootings are horrific, from a public health perspective, the daily toll of gun homicides, accidents, and suicides is more of a concern.How can gun violence be tackled from a public health perspective?A lesson from public health is that it is usually more effective to change the environment than to try to change people. The U.S. should use the same harm reduction approach to gun violence that it uses to treat other public health threats, like automobile crashes or air pollution — employing a wide variety of methods to reduce the problem.It is very easy in this country for people to get guns, even the deadliest weapons. The Harvard Injury Control Research Center found that 22 percent of gun owners obtained their most recent gun without a background check. And, unfortunately, background checks in the United States seem to be the weakest of any high-income country.In Australia, after the massacre of 35 people in Port Arthur 21 years ago, Australians said, “Enough is enough.” What made a difference was that a conservative prime minister led the effort. They banned the weapons most commonly used in their mass shootings—semiautomatic and pump-action rifles—and bought back those that people already owned. And they tightened their gun laws. While they had 13 gun massacres in the two decades before the Port Author massacre, in the two decades since, they have had none. Australia has also seen dramatic drops in both firearm homicide and firearm suicide….You’ve spoken out against the ban on using federal funds for research into gun violence. How might more research help improve safety?Research matters …We need to find ways to stop gun thefts — currently some 300,000 or more guns are stolen each year, a prime way they get into the criminal marketplace. We need to improve gun storage to help stop guns from getting into the wrong hands. Gun theft could also be reduced by constructing guns that won’t operate if stolen. We need to work with trainers to ensure that gun training programs are effective — not only in reducing accidents but also in leading to reductions in gun theft and gun suicide.—Amy Roederlast_img read more

Reduce workplace absenteeism in six steps

first_img 1SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr Not only does absenteeism affect your bottom line, it increases everyone’s workload leading to poor quality output and a sour atmosphere all round, according to the Small Business Administration (SBA).Absences occur for many reasons—burnout, stress, bullying, low morale, job hunting, etc. Whatever form absenteeism takes, it’s bad for business.But are six ways to resolve persistent absenteeism from the SBA:1. Identify the root causeYour goal is to understand what’s happening and try to solve the issue.For example, if stress is a factor you may need to discuss strategies that can help, such as shifting workloads, reducing responsibilities, etc. continue reading »last_img read more

Tiana Mangakahia named to Nancy Lieberman Award watch list

first_imgTiana Mangakahia has been named to the 2019 Nancy Lieberman Award watch list, presented by the Basketball Hall of Fame. She’s one of 20 players on the list, which honors the nation’s top Division I point guard each season.Mangakahia broke out last season in her first year with the Orange, averaging a double-double with 17.5 points and 10.2 assists per game en route to being named first-team All-ACC. She led the Orange in both categories as well as steals, which she swiped at a rate of 2.5 a game.Her 304 assists last season were an ACC record, which she broke against Boston College in February. She also led the country in that category. The Brisbane, Australia native racked up 14 double-doubles and came within a point of the SU record for points in a single game with her 44-point performance against Georgia Tech.The 5-foot-6 junior and the Orange will take on Sabrina Ionescu, the reigning Lieberman Award winner, on Nov. 10 when SU travels to Oregon for its second game of the season. In total, Syracuse will play eight of the 19 other members of the watch list, including three in-conference foes. Comments AdvertisementThis is placeholder text Facebook Twitter Google+ Published on October 22, 2018 at 2:05 pm Contact Eric: [email protected] | @esblack34last_img read more

Sanitation Crisis Hits Slipway

first_imgNear the historic Providence Island in Monrovia is a community that has experienced and continues to go through the hurdles of poor sanitation.Slipway Community is amongst several slum communities in and around Monrovia lacking safe drinking water as well as improved sanitation and hygiene facilities.Slipway, with a population of over 15,000 inhabitants, often suffer the effects of a poor drainage system, garbage pollution and open defecation.With the rainy season having set in, the situation has gone from bad to worse, reaching crisis point.The community has been placed under the spotlight due to said crucial sanitation issues, as part of the Exclusive Media Focus on Sanitation by the WASH Reporters& Editors Network of Liberia, with support from WaterAid Liberia and Sierra Leone.During an assessment visit to the community, residents complained about the lack of hand pumps, public toilets and a conducive and hygienic environment.The majority of the community’s residents are said to be using the Du River as a public latrine.Most of the residents build what are known as “goal post toilets” on the river, where they go to defecate, thus polluting the river.A resident told WASH R&E of a recent drowning in th commnity. A boy slipped and fell into the river while using a goal post toilet on the Du River.The residents, however, said despite the risk they continue to do so because there are no other options.“We have to stand in long queues, especially during morning and evening hours, awaiting  others to come out of the few toilets to also have access”, a resident, Cecelia Nyenpan, disclosed. “We the women and children arethe worst victims,” she pointed out, describing the situation as embarrassing.The issues of open urination and defecation is seriously contributing to the unsanitary condition in the community.Many houses in the areas were constructed without taking into consideration the importance of toilets, resulting in open defecation and the throwing of feces everywhere.“During night hours, plastic bags are used by some residents to defecate; and [they are disosed of] in the open, at times in the drainage,” Rufus Towerson, a prominent resident informed the WASH Media Network.According to Mr. Towerson, feces bags often land on the zinc roofs of houses; and when the rain falls, the water is even used by some residents for cooking.He also attributed the poor sanitary condition to those residing upwards of the Crown Hill community, who lack toilet facilities too.Mr. Towerson noted that these individuals defecate in plastic and throw the feces from the top of their community into Slipway which is located beneath Crown Hill.This practice, Towerson pointed out, poses a danger to the residents as well as the environment in which they live, especially during the rainy season.WASHR&E also gathered that due to the clogging of the drainage system in the community, when it rains, many parts of the community get flooded, making life unbearable for the  residents.Access to safe drinking water is another factor hampering the lives of residents in the area.Residents informed the WASH Media Network that many of them have to walk across the Gabriel Tucker Bridge connecting Central Monrovia to Bushrod Island, in search of safe drinking water.The Slipway Community does not have access to safe drinking water and lacks hand pumps facilities as well.Many of the pumps provided by a few nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are damaged due to poor maintenance, lack of community ownership, or increased pressure by users.The residents told WASH R&E they usually buy a gallon of pump water from the Clara Town Community between50  to 75L$, something they described as very expensive and unbearable.Slipway residents are therefore appealing to the Government of Liberia and partners in the WASH sector to provide water and sanitation facilities for them.They also appealed for assistance in addressing the sanitation crisis, which could result in a health crisis if nothing is urgently done to address the situation.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Question: Who’s up first?

first_img“They know if they keep it over the plate, the worst they’re going to give up is probably a double,” Pierre said. “It’s kind of a Catch-22 situation.” Another starter candidate: Add non-roster right-hander Joe Mays, whom the Dodgers signed less than two weeks ago, to the long list of those vying for the fifth spot in the starting rotation. Little said before Saturday’s first workout of the spring for pitchers and catchers that Mays will be kept on a starter’s throwing program at least through the early part of camp. “He has a good history,” Little said. “He will be given the opportunity to make this ballclub, and we will certainly try to put him in a position he is most comfortable with.” Mays, 31, has spent most of his seven-year career in the majors as a starter, but his overall success has been spotty. He is 48-70 with a 5.05 ERA after pitching six seasons for Minnesota and splitting last year between Cincinnati and Kansas City. Alone time: Several members of the Dodgers’ organizational brain trust walked out to Holman Stadium together for the start of the morning workout. When they broke off into various side conversations, special assistant Bill Mueller found himself standing alone in the right-field corner, watching what should have been his teammates being put through their paces by strength coach Doug Jarrow. Mueller, the former third baseman and American League batting champion who signed a two-year, $9.5 million free-agent deal with the Dodgers before last season, was forced into early retirement and a front-office career by an irreparable knee injury. “It’s always difficult to not be playing when you feel like your skills are at a level where you still could play, but because of an injury, you’re not,” Mueller said. “But that’s the way it is. I still love the game, and that’s why I wanted to do what I’m doing now.” [email protected] (818) 713-3675 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! VERO BEACH, Fla. – Addressing one of the offseason’s hot-button issues for the first time, Juan Pierre refused to fan any controversial flames Saturday. The fleet center fielder, whom the Dodgers signed to a five-year, $44 million contract in November, said he has no preference between batting first or second. Shortstop Rafael Furcal, the guy who will fill whichever of those spots Pierre doesn’t, hasn’t arrived at spring training and isn’t required to until Tuesday. “I went through a similar situation in Florida with Luis Castillo, who was an established leadoff man and a great leadoff man,” said Pierre, who was traded to the Marlins from Colorado the winter after the 2002 season, during which Castillo had a 35-game hitting streak. “I have batted second before, and I know Furcal is a great leadoff man who did a great job last year. It won’t change my approach. I always try to take pitches, regardless.” center_img Manager Grady Little said he plans to try both Pierre-Furcal and Furcal-Pierre alignments during Grapefruit League games before making a decision. All Little has promised so far is that once he has decided, he won’t change his mind unless the alignment he chooses proves after a time to be a failure. In other words, he won’t flip the left-handed hitting Pierre and the switch-hitting Furcal just because the Dodgers are facing a certain pitcher. Although he has spent the vast majority of his career batting first, including 158 games with the Chicago Cubs last season, Pierre’s lifetime on-base percentage (.350) is below optimum for a leadoff man. But Pierre said that statistic is misleading. “I try to get my walks,” Pierre said. “I rarely swing at first pitches, and I get a lot of 2-0, 3-1 counts. But I usually won’t take a pitch just off the plate because I don’t trust the umpire to call it a ball, and I also expand my zone a little bit with two strikes.” Pierre has two factors working against him. First, he is such a lethal stolen-base threat, having swiped as many as 65 in a season, that pitchers are loathe to give him a free ticket to first base. Second, pitchers who fall behind in the count aren’t afraid to come back with meaty fastballs to him, because he never has hit more than three home runs in a season. last_img read more

‘SNOW ON WAY AS BLAST OF WINTER TO HIT DONEGAL’ – FORECASTERS

first_imgErrigal in all of its snow-capped glory at the weekend. Pic Pat McDermott for Donegal DailyTHE first snow of winter will hit Donegal by the middle of next week, say forecasters.Cold air from the north will descend on the county on Monday, with the potential for significant snow falls on Wednesday, says Irish Weather Online.Met Eireann forecasters however don’t use the ‘s’ word – but are predicting a “very cold” week with some “wintry showers.” “Monday and Tuesday will become colder with moderate northwest winds, showers becoming wintry on higher ground in north, but also some sunny intervals, lows -3 to +2 C and highs 4-7 C,” said Peter O’Donnell at Irish Weather Online.“Wednesday could be even colder with significant snowfalls developing in parts of the inland north and on higher ground elsewhere, highs only 2-5 C after morning lows near -3 to -1 C.“It remains quite uncertain how cold it may actually get mid-week and also how long that degree of cold might then last. The average of all guidance would suggest some potential for snow by about Wednesday, and a very gradual warming trend thereafter.”Donegal’s mountains have already had a dusting of winter snow. And the forecast for the top of Errigal next Wednesday is for 4cms of snow – and a wind chill factor of -12C! ‘SNOW ON WAY AS BLAST OF WINTER TO HIT DONEGAL’ – FORECASTERS was last modified: November 15th, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegaldonegal weathersnowwinterlast_img read more

Bolton v Brentford player ratings

first_imgSee also:McCormack injured as Bees are beatenBees boss waits for news on McCormackFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img

Round-up: Zouma ‘saved’ by headgear, QPR youngster’s deal, Quins signing

first_imgCech collided with his team-matePetr Cech believes his protective headgear saved him and Chelsea team-mate Kurt Zouma from serious injury during the Capital One Cup win at Derby.Zouma was stretchered off after the pair collided but has been given the all-clear – and goalkeeper Cech thinks the helmet he wears made all the difference when they clashed heads.Blues boss Jose Mourinho praised the players for their display against the Rams, saying it showed that a winning mentality is in the team’s DNA.Chelsea were also praised by Derby manager Steve McClaren.We rated Cesc Fabregas as our man of the match. Click here for our player ratings from Tuesday’s game.Meanwhile, QPR youngster Reece Grego-Cox has signed his first professional contract at Loftus Road.Williams scored for Fulham’s U-21sGeorge Williams scored and Patrick Roberts, Chris David and Moussa Dembele all got 90 minutes as Fulham’s youngsters were beaten 2-1 by Athletic Bilbao in the Premier League International Cup on Wednesday.And forward Matt Smith, on loan at Bristol City, has spoken of his frustration at his lack of first-team opportunities following his move from Leeds United.In rugby union, Harlequins have agreed to sign former Australia captain James Horwill after next year’s World Cup.And in cricket, Lord’s will be the venue for the final of both the 2019 Cricket World Cup and the 2017 Women’s World Cup.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

Back Issues: 5 Infamous Comic Book Movies from the 1980s

first_imgBefore the Avengers, before the Suicide Squad, even before ’90s Batman and his . . . anatomic batsuit, Hollywood relied on comic book heroes.Hot take: Marvel’s upcoming Avengers: Endgame is probably going to do okay at the box office. This radical opinion is based on the fact that, even though the media loves to paint a picture of a public suffering from “superhero fatigue,” an exceptionally meh film like Suicide Squad can still manage to make serious bank.Yeah, Marvel definitely changed the cinematic landscape back in 2008 when Nick Fury appeared post-Iron-Man-credits to foreshadow a cinematic universe that now spans twenty films. But it is medium-worth remembering that Marvel didn’t create the — Hey, wasn’t that a comic book? — landscape.Image via Warner Bros.So, while the nerdiest/most committed of us marathon 11 years’ worth of films to prepare for Avengers: Endgame, let’s look back at five comic book movies that attempted to stick the superhero landing in the 1980s.(Oh, and it’s twenty-one Marvel films. Sorry, Ed Norton. Totally forgot.)Swamp Thing (1982)Image via Warner Bros.DC’s most famous human-scientist/swamp-plant hybrid gets his/its own television show in May. But your dad no doubt remembers Wes Craven’s (1982) Hollywood iteration, starring Adrienne Barbeau.Here’s the critical consensus from Rotten Tomatoes: “Unabashedly campy — often to its detriment — Swamp Thing is not without its charms, among them Adrienne Barbeau as the damsel in distress.”While that’s faint praise for anyone involved — who isn’t Adrienne Barbeau — none less than the great Roger Ebert offered a livelier take on the film, one that involved three out of four stars: “Swamp Thing had already won my heart, before its moment of greatness, but when that moment came, I knew I’d discovered another one of those movies that fall somewhere between buried treasures and guilty pleasures.”Read Ebert’s review for yourself.Supergirl (1984)Image via Columbia.Christopher Reeve had already truth’d-and-justice’d his American way through three Superman movies by the time Supergirl premiered in 1984. The film starred Helen Slater in the titular role, making her the first woman to play the lead in an English-language superhero film. Unfortunately, with a plot spotlighting a warlock named Nigel, a mouthful of a McGuffin called the Omegahedron, and a “Hey, small world” appearance by Lois Lane’s kid sister, the film flopped among critics and audiences alike.Nonetheless, even though the film didn’t spawn a big-screen franchise, Slater went on to get a few more Krypton-related gigs on the small screen. She played Clark Kent’s biological mother in the WB’s Smallville and the adoptive mother of Kara Danvers in The CW’s Supergirl.(Interesting aside: Supergirl (1984) is canon with the Christopher Reeves run. The movies share Marc McClure’s Jimmy Olsen, and Reeves’s Superman appears on a poster in the film.)Sheena (1984)Image via Columbia.Here’s another one to ask your dad about. Sheena, Queen of the Jungle was the first female character to have her own comic book title — debuting on racks in 1937 — just a couple of years before Wonder Woman was introduced to the world.The film adaptation bounced around studios for several years, struggling to get made — even with big-time names like Raquel Welch and Bo Derek attached to the starring role. Eventually, ex-Charlie’s Angel (and future Bond girl) Tanya Roberts was cast in the production.In a quote Wikipedia sourced from a broken link to the LA Times, producer Paul Aratow explained his reasons for never giving up on his quest to bring Sheena to theaters: “Girls today need superheroes. And I want Sheena to be that superhero. I also want Sheena to be a character that parents will want to send their kids to see, and the type of picture that parents can go see with their children.”It seems, however, Aratow fell short of his goals (skip to 6:25).Red Sonja (1985)Image via MGM.Here’s your Red Sonja movie summary: Swords. Sorcery. A talisman. Castles. Sex. Someone probably transforms into a snake-priest at some point — I don’t know, and it doesn’t matter.Instead of digging into the story told in this movie, let’s look at a story about the movie called A Tale of Two Sonyas/Sonjas (and One Arnold). It was the best of times. It was the worst of times. (It was the ’80s, so it was the worst of times.) Please try to follow along.Author Robert E. Howard created the character Red Sonya in 1934. (Red Sonya is a 16th-century woman who fights Turks.) Howard also created Conan the Barbarian in 1934. Conan the Barbarian is a Hyborian-Age man who fights transforming snake-priests (probably). Red Sonya has nothing to do with Conan the Barbarian — though Red Sonja really does.Image via MGM.The comic book character, Red Sonja, was created by Roy Thomas. She first appeared in Marvel’s Conan the Barbarian series in 1973 with Robert E. Howard’s creations Conan the Barbarian and the Hyborian Age.Conan the Barbarian (the movie) is set in the Hyborian Age. It hit theaters in 1982, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger as Conan the Barbarian. The sequel, Conan the Destroyer, is also set in the Hyborian Age. It hit theaters in 1984, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger as Conan the Barbarian Destroyer.The movie Red Sonja is also set in the Hyborian Age. It hit theaters in 1985, starring Brigitte Nielsen as Red Sonja.It also stars Arnold Schwarzenegger as Hyborian-Age warrior Conan the Barbarian Destroyer King Lord Kalidor, who may or may not be a transforming snake-priest but who is definitely not Conan the Whatever or might very well be actually.Howard the Duck (1986)Image via Universal.The first Marvel movie. Produced by George Lucas, just two years after Return of the Jedi. Visual effects by Industrial Light & Magic. Lea Thompson as the female lead, fresh off the success of Back to the Future. A popular, counter-culture character, whose edgy adventures were sharp exercises in satire and parody. What could go wrong?Everything. Just, so much of everything.Howard the Duck is one of the most famous flops in Hollywood history. Its problems are myriad. Shockingly, one of the problems isn’t that the main character is an anthropomorphic duck. In fact, Howard was a beloved fixture of ’70s pop culture — prominent enough to get threatened by Disney’s legal department due to Howard’s Donald Duck-like appearance.Perhaps the greatest problem was that the minds behind the movie were unconcerned with the very essence of what people loved about the comic books.Image via Universal.Co-creator Steve Gerber describes the existential heart of the comic he wrote: “There is no joke! There it is. The cosmic giggle. The funniest gag in the universe. That life’s most serious moments, and most incredibly dumb moments, are often distinguishable only by a momentary point of view. Anyone who doesn’t believe this probably cannot enjoy reading Howard the Duck.”The film’s screenwriter, Gloria Katz, felt differently: “It’s a film about a duck from outer space . . . It’s not supposed to be an existential experience.”The movie was marketed as a family-friendly, light-hearted romp, full of duck puns and wackiness. Fans of the comic book stayed away on opening day — and every day after — disappointed that the movie had strayed so far from the decidedly non-family-friendly source material.The $37 million production made just over $16 million. Marvel didn’t allow another film adaptation until 2002’s Spiderman, and director Willard Hyuck never helmed a feature film again. Frank Price, head of Universal’s motion picture group, was forced to resign (leading to the legendary Variety headline, “Duck Cooks Price’s Goose”).Additionally, George Lucas ended up in debt and was forced to sell off Lucasfilm’s upstart computer animation division to Steve Jobs — who turned it into an independent company called Pixar.Howard the Duck himself is doing okay in 2019. He’s an official part of the Marvel cinematic universe, having appeared in Guardians of the Galaxy — and its sequel — and there’s no reason to think he won’t appear on the big screen again.After all, he didn’t just survive one of the greatest film disasters of all time — he also survived the snap.Cover image via Red Sonja (MGM).Looking for more on the film and video industry? Check out these articles.The Cameras Behind Netflix Originals: Films and SeriesSpring and Summer Scares: 5 Highly Anticipated Horror FilmsThe Cameras and Lenses Behind HBO’s Original SeriesThe Secrets Behind Apollo 11’s Success Are a Story All Their OwnTom Cross on Editing First Man and Working with IMAX Footagelast_img read more

STARTERS ORDERS Tuesday

first_imgHORSE RACING2.00 YarmouthTurquoise Bay 4/1 > 11/42.55 RedcarShort Work 4/1 > 9/43.00 GalwayThe Tulip 9/2 > 100/305.25 ChepstowGeneral Allenby 13/2 > 7/27.40 NewcastleAlwasmiya 4/1 > 2/1LIVE FOOTBALLBetfred Cup Quarter-Final19:45 BT Sport 15/1 Partick Thistle 1/2 Rangers 3/1 DRAWCarabao Cup 3rd Round19:45 Sky Sports Football / Sky Sports Main Event14/5 Leicester City 19/20 Liverpool 11/4 DRAWLa Liga21:00 Sky Sports Mix1/9 Barcelona 16/1 Eibar 9/1 DRAWBET WITH STAR SPORTS 08000 521 321 [dropcap]W[/dropcap]elcome to Starters Orders. Our daily midday update from the trading room at Star Sports with our key market movers for the day across all sports.Tuesday 19 Septemberlast_img read more